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Revista da Abordagem Gestáltica

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SERBENA, Carlos Augusto. Considerations about the uncounscious: myth, symbol and archetype in analitical psychology. Rev. abordagem gestalt. [online]. 2010, vol.16, n.1, pp. 76-82. ISSN 1809-6867.

This article conducts a theoretical discussion between C. G. Jung and other authors to relate and clarify aspects of the concepts of myth, symbol and archetype. On the concept of collective unconscious and archetype of the work of Jung, shows both forms of operation of the psyche: rational and causal to the ego and imaginal and analogic to the unconscious. Thus, the archetypes can be considered as categories of the imagination and are expressed in symbolic form, requiring a comprehensive, qualitative and acting role of mediation between the opposing dynamics through a redundant and repetitive, but improved. This dynamic appears in the ritual, the repetition behavioral level, and in myths, than are a symbolically narrative that mark the beginning of the process of rationalization of symbols. If this process is deepening, becomes the symbol sign and loses its experiential nature and ability to mediate conflicts. The excessive exploitation of rationality in modern thought leads to ignore the sign and thus the person loses the ability to mediate the conflicts experienced in its existence as between himself and the world, feeling their lives empty and meaningless.

Keywords : Myth; Symbol; Archetype; Meaning; Ritual.

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