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Revista da Abordagem Gestáltica

versão impressa ISSN 1809-6867


ROCHA, Marcio Arthoni Souto da; BORIS, Georges Daniel Janja Bloc  e  MOREIRA, Virginia. Suicide experience in phenomenological humanistic approach. Rev. abordagem gestalt. [online]. 2012, vol.18, n.1, pp. 69-78. ISSN 1809-6867.

This research has, as main objective, to understand the experience of suicide from a humanistic-phenomenological reference that proposes a conceptual review of Carl Rogers' humanistic psychology since Maurice Merleau-Ponty's phenomenology of ambiguity. Based on the understanding that lived experience can only be properly understood in mutual constitution with the world, such phenomenological perspective overcomes the dichotomy internal versus external, so present in studies on subjectivity. Thus, suicide experience may be recognized as a mundane experience, since it is not possible to understand it without its imbrication with the world. The research cooperators were male psychiatric patients who were able to describe their suicide attempts through semi-structured interviews. Identifying how each cooperator understands his suicidal experience, it was possible to describe them without the theoretical moorings of the studies on such theme. It is possible to perceive that suicidal experience is characterized as an experience of existential annihilation, and to recognize that cultural and socio-economic conditions around suicide must be systematically considered and deepened for that human phenomenon can be better understood as a mundane phenomenon.

Palavras-chave : Suicide; Phenomenology; Humanistic psychology; Carl rogers; Merleau-ponty.

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