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Revista da Abordagem Gestáltica

versão impressa ISSN 1809-6867


JANZEN, Marcos Ricar do; DECASTRO, Thiago Gomes  e  GOMES, William B.. Bodily action and the reversibility between consciousness and movement: the phenomenological realism. Rev. abordagem gestalt. [online]. 2013, vol.19, n.1, pp. 76-84. ISSN 1809-6867.

The focus of the paper is the relation between movement and consciousness to explain how a pre-reflexive and involuntary act becomes reflexive and voluntary, to further on express itself as pre-reflexive and voluntary. First, it traces a parallel among psychologists that used phenomenological or descriptive psychology on experiments about the immediate consciousness of the senses. Second, it emphasizes how descriptive phenomenology recognized the body as reference for movement and action in the constitution of self-consciousness, indicating convergences with existential phenomenology. Third, the situated body is taken in its interactions with the real world to show how phenomenal apprehension is concrete and situated. Thus, it understands perception as a presentation and not necessarily a representation. Finally, it resorts to examples of recent studies in fields such as physical education, dancing, and ergonomics, suggesting an applied field of phenomenology not much explored as designing layouts, planning environments and preventing accidents.

Palavras-chave : Kinesthesia; Consciousness; Movement perception; Reflexivity; Affordance.

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