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Revista da Abordagem Gestáltica

versão impressa ISSN 1809-6867


KARWOWSKI, Silverio Lucio. By an Understanding of what is called Psychopathology Phenomenological. Rev. abordagem gestalt. [online]. 2015, vol.21, n.1, pp. 62-73. ISSN 1809-6867.

Phenomenology at its intersection with psychopathology is studied by different authors in psychology and psychiatry. Psychopathology Scholars have sought phenomenology in an attempt to avoid classic psychiatric nosology and its unfitting reductionism, as well to adopt a humanist theory, hoping that it systematically presents etiology, description, categorization, prognosis and treatment of mental illness. Therefore, it's necessary the understanding of what is called and known as phenomenological psychopathology, in order to better define its scope, boundary, constitution and purposes. This paper aims to introduce the study of the subject, considering its context insertion and heritage. To that end, it's an exploratory and literature study that rescue the current perspectives of psychopathology, especially the prevailing and hegemonic ones and proposes a classification of them. It is also demonstrated the association between the current notion of psychopathology and the notion of disease, excluding the naturalistic conception of the latter. Thereupon, the possibilities of naming this area of study as phenomenological psychopathology are discussed, considering the relevance and consequences of the naming adoption, making it also a reflection on possible objectives for the field of study examined. It was concluded that the understanding of phenomenological psychopathology is field in construction, relinquishing both depth contours from the practice of health professionals and relevant pensiveness on the phenomenology, as well as the possibility of its adaptation to the psychopathology scope.

Palavras-chave : Psychopathology; Phenomenology; Phenomenological psychopathology.

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