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Revista da Abordagem Gestáltica

versão impressa ISSN 1809-6867


ROVALETTI, María Lucrecia. Scope and meaning of phenomenological psycopathology. Rev. abordagem gestalt. [online]. 2015, vol.21, n.2, pp. 117-123. ISSN 1809-6867.

The emergence of the Phenomenology can not be understood outside the context of the crisis of naturalism that crosses philosophy and scientific foundation of psychology. Similarly, the emergence of a Phenomenological Psychopathology is an attempt to rethink the fundamentals of a psychiatry so that they can properly appealed a "scientific discipline" itself. Indeed, having this problem, psychiatry is required to review their "fundamentals" (Bisnwanger). In this sense, the phenomenological approach offers a new concept of subjectivity where mental disorders are not seen as mere deficiencies and deviations from a "standard", but now also constitutive of human existence, that is essential modifications inherent to being of man. That binswangeriano imperative that now again brought before a psychiatry based on evidence, which operates both at the research level and at the level of operating practice with symptoms and descriptions of symptoms, psychopathological concepts relating to certain figures, which allows anyone to collect and verify data in the same way, anytime, anywhere. However, the gradual withdrawal of the concrete, situational disconnection and the omission of the subject in its factuality, left open flanks again in the same scientific nature of psychiatry. Therefore, a psychiatry based on values (PBV), which is also called based on narratives, precisely because the work of clinical approaches to historians, the biographers, and ethnographers postulated. The symptom is not only a sign of the disease but also a sense of significance. Thinking man from the notion of sense, rather than answer what is man is to ask who he is, that is, they try to clarify what are the links that unite the world. It is precisely the inability to join the common world that leads to failure to the self and decide the emergency to being sick.

Palavras-chave : Human and social sciences; Research; Reflexivity; Psychopathology.

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