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Revista da Abordagem Gestáltica

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CASTRO, Thiago Gomes de. Experimental phenomenology in David Katz and James J. Gibson. Rev. abordagem gestalt. [online]. 2016, vol.22, n.1, pp. 2-11. ISSN 1809-6867.

The paper describes the relationship between phenomenology and experimentation in psychology on the basis of two distinctive experimental psychologists' trajectory throughout the twentieth century. Although experimental phenomenology expression was already conveyed in the mid-nineteenth century, even before the early writings of Edmund Husserl (1859-1938), it is in the twentieth century that the practice of experimentation with phenomenology is consolidated. Initially this trend was performed by experimental psychologists in Germany between the decades of 1900 and 1920, exemplified in this text by David Katz (1884-1953). Later, in the mid-twentieth century, by mixing the North American psychology and German psychologists who had migrated to the USA, movements based on field theory were crafted for the study of psychological basic processes. From this movement stands out psychologist James J. Gibson (1904-1979), who also proposed a form of experimental phenomenology. The paper concludes that experimental phenomenology practices are organized by pragmatic descriptive criteria associated to suspension of functional hypothetical models. Notwithstanding, it notes the important distance from this experimental phenomenology project to pure foundational phenomenology.

Keywords : Experimental Phenomenology; History of Psychology; Perception.

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