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Revista da Abordagem Gestáltica

versão impressa ISSN 1809-6867


SILVA, Luciano Donizetti da. Desire and negation - lack in situated in the heart of being (a tribute to Barbaras). Rev. abordagem gestalt. [online]. 2019, vol.25, n.2, pp. 164-177. ISSN 1809-6867.

The purpose of this paper is to reflect about Barbaras' lecture of the Sartrian desire problem and its relation to negation. This question is situated inside the phenomenon of lack in the heart of being. It is, therefore, in the context of this theme that the question posed by Barbaras arises: "How can exists desire, if the desired cannot be in any way?" The point is demonstrating that, beyond Sartre's naïve realism, there is a huge difference between the non-idealist phenomenological ontology and the naïve realistic by which ones insists on reading the Sartrian ontology. Thus, instead of the identification desire and lack (which inevitably indicates a certain degree of will), Sartre's ontology is - in fact - ontology of negativity: Being and Nothing refer to being categorial (ontological), but being-to-itself and being-in-themselves are existential (ontically - they are both phenomena); in this way, Sartre deliberately changes the purity phenomenological method.

Palavras-chave : Renaud Barbaras; Desire; Negation; Lack; Sartre.

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