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Revista da Abordagem Gestáltica

versão impressa ISSN 1809-6867


MENDL, Sebastián Eduardo. The way towards a new clinical anthropology: affectivity and corporality in erwin straus's work. Rev. abordagem gestalt. [online]. 2020, vol.26, n.2, pp. 189-198. ISSN 1809-6867.

From a hermeneutic reading of the phenomenological anthropology of Erwin Straus, current work seeks to explain the original meaning of affectivity and corporality, as constituting modalities of the relation between human existence and its world. On the first term, through a critical-historical reconsideration of certain propositions of scientific psychology and their philosophical foundations, the aim is to go back to the origin of human condition, deformed by interpretations founded on suppositions a priori, uncovering it. Precisely, opposite to current naturalistic psychology, fades off the ontological difference between man and things, from a perspective as Straus', the incarnated subjectivity, which feels itself when it feels something else, is proposed as the primary object of study of psychological science; its own action is exposed continuously to other influences, therefore, its intrinsic vulnerability. The present analysis allows us to establish a new frame, both for the future experimental investigations and for the comprehension of the experience of the alienated man. Indeed, Straus' phenomenological anthropology allows us to break off the three dualisms that support contemporary investigations of corporality and affectivity: subject-object, receptivity-activity, interior-exterior. Secondly, psychopathologies are understood as different modalities of I-world relations, fully significative in which the impossibility of existence to decide on the course of his biography prevails.

Palavras-chave : Psychopathology; Phenomenology; Affectivity; Body; Naturalistic Psychology.

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