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Revista da Abordagem Gestáltica

versão impressa ISSN 1809-6867


SPINDOLA, Jusedna; MAES, Karol  e  TESSARO, Luiz Gustavo Santos. The theoretical and practical approaches between gestalt therapy and nonviolent communication. Rev. abordagem gestalt. [online]. 2021, vol.27, n.1, pp. 81-90. ISSN 1809-6867.

This article aims to investigate the theoretical-practical approaches of Gestalt-therapy (GT) and Nonviolent Communication (NC) in order to theoretically support possible psychological practices to use them simultaneously. The investigations started from the history of both and their respective founders. Through historical analysis, the influence of the Person-Centered Approach in the dialogues between GT and NC is perceived. Then, the investigations take place on an epistemological basis, addressing Phenomenology, existential assumptions and Humanistic Psychology. Finally, we discuss the main concepts and how they come together. Regarding the GT, the concept of Creative Adjustment and its forms of confluence, introjection, projection, retroflection and egotism are approached; and, regarding NC, the components of observation, feeling, need and request are addressed. Finally, the Grok game is cited as a practical approach. In view of such approaches, it is evident that the GT and the NC value the individual's potential and believe in his inseparability with the environment. From this point of view, both defend the importance of the human being's awareness of the feelings and needs that arise in and around him, in order to promote a more empathic and, therefore, less violent society.

Palavras-chave : Gestalt Therapy; Nonviolent Communication; Psychology.

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