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Revista da Abordagem Gestáltica

versão impressa ISSN 1809-6867


BRITO, Rosa Angela Cortez de; FREIRE, José Célio; BLOC, Lucas Guimarães  e  CAVALCANTI, Virginia de Saboia Moreira. From non-directive play therapy to child-centered play therapy - historical development. Rev. abordagem gestalt. [online]. 2021, vol.27, n.2, pp. 213-226. ISSN 1809-6867.

The development of the Person-Centered Approach was divided into phases that presents the attitudes that are part of therapeutic relationship, regardless of the public served. However, in the specificity of child psychotherapy, the theoretical and practical development of the approach points to the existence of peculiarities. This study aims to present, through narrative literature review, based on Gadamer's philosophical hermeneutics, the possible characteristics related to the child therapy, starting from a return to the PCA phases. We discuss the foundations of child therapy in Rogers and Axline's classic perspective, understanding how child play therapy is characterized in non-directive, reflective, experiential and post-Rogerian phases. We discuss contemporary proposals in the European, American, and Brazilian contexts. We conclude that this delimitation enables a clearer perception of changes and improvements amongst to the Rogers and Axline's pioneering work, always having as its axis the relational dimension and the tendency to growth as a motor of the therapeutic process.

Palavras-chave : Humanistic psychology; Client centered therapy; Child psychotherapy; Play therapy.

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