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Pesquisas e Práticas Psicossociais

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CARRETERO, Gustavo Henrique. Accession to totalitarian and masses movements: contributions of Critical Theory of Society. Pesqui. prát. psicossociais [online]. 2018, vol.13, n.1, pp. 1-16. ISSN 1809-8908.

The article has as reference the Critical Theory of the Society in the molds proposed by T. W. Adorno and H. Marcuse. Three works by Freud were analyzed in order to demonstrate how some cultural contradictions become subjectivity in the work of this author and how some of his formulations anticipate the regressive processes engendered in the individuals by the monopoly capitalism, mainly the phenomenon of the masses. The Freudian concept of emotional ambivalence serves as a basis for understanding the adherence of individuals to ideals that would be contrary to them. Thus, libido and aggressiveness are managed by the culture aiming to join the masses and collectivities. Adorno and Marcuse take psychoanalysis as an instrument of analysis of social reality and articulate it with their analysis of capitalism in a Marxian perspective.

Keywords : Individual and society; Culture; Emotional ambivalence; Critical theory of society; Psychoanalysis.

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