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Revista Brasileira de Psicologia do Esporte

versão On-line ISSN 1981-9145


GEISLER, Guido  e  LEITH, Larry M.. A reversal theory perspective on the motivacional states of soccer players in Canada, Germany, and Japan. Rev. bras. psicol. esporte [online]. 2007, vol.1, n.1, pp. 01-19. ISSN 1981-9145.

This descriptive, exploratory study used a reversal theory framework to examine the in-event motivational states of 179 intercollegiate soccer players in Canada, Germany, and Japan. Information was also gathered on players' thoughts about the university soccer environment. The results suggest that all of the participants were oriented toward the mastery (strength, control) and conformity motivational states while playing. In addition, Japanese players reported the strongest endorsement of the telic (serious) state, and they were more sympathetic and alloic (concerned with others' outcomes) than the Canadian and German cohorts. With respect to the salience of these motivational states, Canadian players were most aware of the mastery orientation. In Japan it was the telic state that was most dominant, and in Germany it was spread out between the alloic, autic (concern about own outcomes), and mastery states. Other findings, obtained through content analysis, revealed that university soccer in Canada and Japan fosters both a social and performance-focused atmosphere, while in Germany it is perceived as more social and recreational than in the other two countries. These results provide a preliminary foundation for follow-up cross-cultural work. Future research should also examine the motivational states of more elite players (including those in Brazil) and the correlation of these states with winning and losing over time.

Palavras-chave : Motivational states; Reversal theory; Soccer; Cross-cultural; Intercollegiate sport; Content analysis.

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