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Revista Brasileira de Psicologia do Esporte

versão On-line ISSN 1981-9145


CEDRA, Cristiano  e  SERIO, Tereza Maria de Azevedo Pires. Free throw training in basketball. Rev. bras. psicol. esporte [online]. 2008, vol.2, n.1, pp.01-28. ISSN 1981-9145.

Despite its importance, average free throw accuracy has been below 70%; only a few players have managed to achieve a higher average. In this paper a new method of free throw training is presented by progressive and gradual techniques aimed towards specifications changes in materials used in training (in this case, the diameter of the basketball rim and its height). In this research, 12 athletes aged from 13 to 14 years old were chosen to participate in it. They were submitted to two stages at the baseline condition. After this stage, the athletes were divided into two groups: group 1 was submitted to an intervention related to the diameter of the basket and group 2, to an intervention related to the height of the basket. The fading procedure was identical for both groups that went through the multielement baseline design. The next stage was identical to the baseline condition and had the purpose of evaluating whether the results achieved in the last modified stage would last once the treatment was removed. Analyzing the results, it is made clear that practicing shots through repetition did not produce the results expected in the selected group. The fading procedure has brought improvements to the level of accuracy of the evaluated athletes during the treatment, and these results were almost the same in the next stage, identical to the baseline condition.

Palavras-chave : Free throw; Basketball; Shot; Fading; Multielement baseline design.

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