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Psicologia em Pesquisa

On-line version ISSN 1982-1247


JUSTI, Francis Ricardo dos Reis  and  JUSTI, Cláudia Nascimento Guaraldo. Orthographic Similarity and Letter Recognition in the Reicher-Wheeler Task. Psicol. pesq. [online]. 2012, vol.6, n.2, pp. 121-129. ISSN 1982-1247.

This study investigated the effects of orthographic neighbors and transposed letter neighbors on letter recognition accuracy in pseudoword stimuli using the Reicher-Wheeler task. Thirty-four Brazilian university students took part in this study. Letter recognition was more accurate for pseudowords with a high number of orthographic neighbors than for pseudowords without orthographic neighbors. In addition, letter recognition for pseudowords with a transposed letter neighbor was better than letter recognition for pseudowords without transposed letter neighbors. It is argued that these effects can be explained by a feedback mechanism acting between the orthographic representations of words and the orthographic representations of letters.

Keywords : Visual word recognition; orthographic neighborhood; transposed letter neighbors; Reicher-Wheeler Task.

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