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Psicologia em Pesquisa

versão On-line ISSN 1982-1247


HAASE, Vitor Geraldi; JULIO-COSTA, Annelise  e  SILVA, Júlia Beatriz Lopes. Why constructivism does not work? Evolution, information processing and school achievement. Psicol. pesq. [online]. 2015, vol.9, n.1, pp. 62-71. ISSN 1982-1247.

Constructivism is the main contemporary educational ideology that influences the pedagogical thinking. This ideology proposes that learning should be experience-based. According to it, the function of education is not mainly about instruction or knowledge acquisition, but it educates in a broader sense. However, evidences indicate the failures of the constructivism as a pedagogical strategy. The study aims, by means of a critical review, at discussing issues that question the constructivism validity: confusion between epistemology and pedagogy, active learning, human mind evolution, cognitive architecture, individual differences and guidelines for learning operationalization. The review indicates that the instructional methods need to be revalued, especially when it concerns children with learning difficulties.

Palavras-chave : constructivism; cognitive psychology; evolutionary psychology.

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