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Psicologia em Pesquisa

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LARA, Ana Cláudia Dutra Cipriano; CARVALHO, Thaís Muzzi  and  TEODORO, Maycoln Leôni Martins. Family relations and adolescents dysfunctional cognitions: a systematic review. Psicol. pesq. [online]. 2021, vol.15, n.1, pp. 1-19. ISSN 1982-1247.

A functional family environment is vital to the healthy and cognitive development of children and adolescents. In this sense, the aim of this study was to gather, systematize and analyze researches that addressed the connections between family relations and children's dysfunctional cognitions between 2008 and 2019. From the search in five databases, using PRISMA as a reference, 13 articles were selected. The analysis of the articles indicated a wide variety of terms used to describe both family relations (for example, parenting, conflicts) and cognitions (maladaptive cognitions, cognitive distortions, metacognitive beliefs). In terms of associations, a pattern was found between dysfunctional family relations and anxiety-related cognitions. Given the findings, it is suggested that children and adolescent therapies also aim at improving parental capacity to solve problems, with the objective of reducing intra-family conflicts.

Keywords : Family relations; Cognition; Adolescent; Cognitive therapy; Review.

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