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Contextos Clínicos

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SILVA, Patricia Santos; COMERLATO, Luísa Pellegrini; WENDLING, Maria Isabel  and  FRIZZO, Giana Bitencourt. Factors that influence the transition to adoptive parenting: a systematic review. Contextos Clínic [online]. 2018, vol.11, n.3, pp. 319-334. ISSN 1983-3482.

The transition to parenthood is a complex process affected by factors related to historical and social contexts. In the case of adoptive parenthood, there may be increased complexity involved in this process by a constellation of different emotional forces. Thus, the aim of this study was to understand the factors implicated in the transition to adoptive parenthood through a systematic literature review. The review considered scientific articles published between 2005 and 2015 in English and Portuguese on the following databases: Google Scholar, PsycINFO, MEDLINE, SciELO, Portal de Teses da CAPES, and the Adoption Quarterly journal. The 19 selected studies were analyzed using thematic analysis and it was possible to conclude that the transition to adoptive parenthood is influenced by issues relating to homoparenthood, personal characteristics of adopters and the adoptees, difficulties with adoption services, and post-adoption depressive symptoms. Therefore, we noticed a trend in the current literature and it was also possible to identify the need for new studies that address these issues in a longitudinal approach and with diversified samples.

Keywords : adoption; motherhood; fatherhood; adoptive parenthood.

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