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Contextos Clínicos

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GOMES, Quele de Souza et al. Instruments on parental alienation assessment: a systematic literature review. Contextos Clínic [online]. 2020, vol.13, n.3, pp. 945-966. ISSN 1983-3482.

Parental alienation refers to a set of behaviors emitted, consciously or unconsciously, by one of the parents, to prevent the child's relationship with the other parent. The aim of this article was to analyze, based on a systematic literature review, the quality of the psychological instruments adopted in research on parental alienation. For this, Pubmed, PsycoINFO, Scielo, Scopus and Web of Science database were consulted. This review included empirical articles published between 1986 and 2019. The selection of articles was carried out by two independent judges. 184 articles were retrieved. Of these, 17 were analyzed. As for the psychometric properties, all studies presented satisfactory evidence of accuracy. However, only six instruments showed evidence of validity based on the internal structure or evidence of validity based on relationships with external variables. Since parental alienation is a complex phenomenon and most of the instruments identified did not provide enough information for their use in the professional context, it is important to invest in initiatives that qualify the instruments in this area.

Keywords : parental alienation; test validity; forensic psychology.

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