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Gerais : Revista Interinstitucional de Psicologia

On-line version ISSN 1983-8220


GRISA, Gabrielle Hennig  and  MONTEIRO, Janine Kieling. Emotional aspects of the cardiac surgical patient during the preoperative period. Gerais, Rev. Interinst. Psicol. [online]. 2015, vol.8, n.1, pp. 111-130. ISSN 1983-8220.

Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in Brazil. Cardiac intervention brings great emotional burden and characteristic anxities in the person who will be submitted to it, which can be minimized through psychological support in this crisis situation. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate how to characterize the emotional aspects of such a patient, which is the purpose of this qualitative research. The study involved the participation of four cardiac surgical patients in the preoperative period in a general hospital in Porto Alegre-RS. An interview and two scales were used in the evaluation of these patients: one for anxiety and another for depression. The data were analyzed through content and descriptive analysis. The results indicated that half of the patients had a severe anxiety level. Some verbalized emotions were: difficulty of acceptance, fear of surgery ineffectiveness, of experiencing pain, of being unable to work and of dying.

Keywords : Cardiac surgical patient; Hospital Psychology; Emotional aspects.

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