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Gerais : Revista Interinstitucional de Psicologia

On-line version ISSN 1983-8220


RAVANELLO, Tiago; MACHADO, Isloany Dias; MARTINEZ, Marisa de Costa  and  NABARRETE, Luiza Maria de Souza. The psychoanalytic research path: from epistemology to method. Gerais, Rev. Interinst. Psicol. [online]. 2016, vol.9, n.1, pp. 110-124. ISSN 1983-8220.

The reflections regarding the psychoanalysis research generally focus on: (a) an epistemological basis, on which the concept of truth is directly connected to the theory of the unconscious; (b) a debate between psychoanalytical research and different models of scientific research, in which the psychoanalysis' theories can be put in question regarding their methods. The present study proposes, in general, a discussion about the construction of psychoanalytic concepts and, consequently, its epistemological status. In this sense, we return to the origins of the theory, developed in the late nineteenth century, by Sigmund Freud, in order to question the historical context of scientific construction and the possible models of science available at the time. Following, we will discuss the issue based on the Lacanian proposal of the unconscious structured as a language, which could only be approached from its effects (dreams, Freudian slip, symptoms).

Keywords : Psicanálise; Epistemologia; Inconsciente.

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