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Gerais : Revista Interinstitucional de Psicologia

On-line version ISSN 1983-8220


ALMEIDA, Vanessa Maria  and  TEODORO, Maycoln Leôni Martins. Cognitive vulnerability to depression in children and adolescents: a literature review. Gerais, Rev. Interinst. Psicol. [online]. 2017, vol.10, n.1, pp. 133-148. ISSN 1983-8220.

Cognitive vulnerability to depression concerns the presence of cognitions that predispose individuals to the development of the disorder. It is not yet clear how this process takes place amongst children and adolescents. Therefore, this study sought evidence in the literature concerning the cognitive vulnerability to depression in this age group. The cognitive model and model of attributional style were used as theoretical bases. Seven databases were consulted and, as a result, 13 articles were included in this review. Little evidence of cognitive vulnerability was found for depression in children and adolescents. Possible reasons for this result are provided, emphasizing the fact that cognitions may not predispose to depression since these cognitions are still in the process of being formed. Proposals for future work were identified.

Keywords : Cognitive vulnerability; Depression; Child; Adolescent; Diathesis-stress.

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