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Gerais : Revista Interinstitucional de Psicologia

versão On-line ISSN 1983-8220


AGUIAR, Joyce; MATIAS, Marisa; BARHAM, Elizabeth Joan  e  FONTAINE, Anne Marie. The Effect of Unemployment on the Couple: a Systematic Review. Gerais, Rev. Interinst. Psicol. [online]. 2018, vol.11, n.1, pp.174-189. ISSN 1983-8220.

Despite the number of studies about the psychosocial factors associated with unemployment, most examine the effect on the individual level. In this study, our objective was to conduct a systematic review of the impact of unemployment on the marital relationship. The bibliographic research was performed on the Academic Search Complete, PsycArticles, PsycInfo, Scopus and SocIndex databases. After excluding duplicate results, three judges evaluated 335 articles in a consensual and blinded review, based on the following eligibility criteria: a) indexed articles; b) written in English, French, Spanish or Portuguese; c) available online; d) using quantitative or mixed methodology. As a result, we analyzed 22 articles, whose content analysis originated five categories: divorce; mental health, well-being and satisfaction with life; marital satisfaction; stress and coping; housework. The effect of unemployment on the relationship seems to be more negative than positive, and gender is an important variable in the analysis of marital dynamics in face of unemployment.

Palavras-chave : Unemployment; Marital relationship; Systematic review.

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