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Revista Psicologia Organizações e Trabalho

On-line version ISSN 1984-6657


RODRIGUES, Ana Carolina de Aguiar  and  BASTOS, Antonio Virgilio Bittencourt. Conceptual and empirical problems in organizational commitment research: a critical analysis of J. Meyer and N. Allen three-component model. Rev. Psicol., Organ. Trab. [online]. 2010, vol.10, n.2, pp. 129-144. ISSN 1984-6657.

In organizational commitment (OC) research, Meyer and Allen's (1991) three-component model predominates, formed by affective, continuance, and normative components. This model, however, has been the focus of discussions on key issues surrounding the construct: undue stretching of the concept, measures with inappropriate psychometric properties, and empirical inconsistencies, partly caused by the continuance component, which presents unstable factor structure, behaviors differing from other dimensions, and poor or negative correlations with desired variables. This component also expresses the definition of "necessary continuance," a questionable attribute of the commitment concept, arguing for a different kind of attachment. The aim of this work was to organize and categorize the main conceptual and empirical issues of Meyer and Allen's (1991) three-component model, as a necessary perspective for a better understanding of current research and alternatives for the research agenda in this area. Investigations and theoretical debates about commitment, published until 2009, from Brazil and other countries, were articulated to provide an analysis that proposes the revision of the three-dimensional model and the split of the continuance component from the commitment concept

Keywords : organizational commitment; continuance commitment; conceptual and empirical problems.

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