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Revista Psicologia Organizações e Trabalho

versão On-line ISSN 1984-6657


ESTRAMIANA, José Luis Álvaro et al. Unemployment and psychological well-being in Brazil and Spain: a comparative study. Rev. Psicol., Organ. Trab. [online]. 2012, vol.12, n.1, pp. 5-16. ISSN 1984-6657.

The aim of this cross-sectional study is to analyze the association between unemployment and psychological well-being comparing two different samples of unemployed and employed workers, one from Brazil and the other one from Spain. Besides comparing both samples, another main objective of this work is to study whether there are differences in psychological well-being in relation to sex, age, and length of unemployment, as well as the type of attributions made about the causes for unemployment both in the Brazilian and the Spanish samples. The results obtained show that unemployment is significantly associated with lower psychological well-being, particularly in the Spanish sample. This result is independent of sex, age, and length of unemployment. With regard to the attributions made about the causes of unemployment, only social and fatalist attributions were found significantly associated with better mental health among the Spanish respondents.

Palavras-chave : Unemployment; Psychological well-being; Length of unemployment; Attributions.

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