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Revista Psicologia Organizações e Trabalho

versão On-line ISSN 1984-6657


ZANELLI, José Carlos. Psychosocial processes, well-being, and stress in retirement. Rev. Psicol., Organ. Trab. [online]. 2012, vol.12, n.3, pp. 329-340. ISSN 1984-6657.

The aim of this paper is to analyze the psychosocial characteristics that facilitate adequate coping with stressors in the transition to retirement. The basic assumption is that change is ongoing and inherent to human development. Thus, retirement is one more event, although significant, among many changes. The text is divided into three sections. The first section deals with the events contingent on retirement from usual work activities. Among such events are the rearrangement of everyday tasks, the perceptions of gains and losses, planning, and the way in which this new phase is experienced. In the second section, interpersonal changes relevant in the transition to retirement are analyzed, such as the shifting in reference groups and the possibility of expanded time for marital and family life. In the third, the main aspects related to finances, leisure time, and well-being entail management of personal and family finances, lifestyle and consumption, differences in the use of free time, and fulfillment of desires and a search for satisfaction with life. In the conclusion, we emphasize that a complex interplay of variables influences well-being in retirement, and demands continued guidance and care in work organizations. This is necessary for individual development and collective damage reduction.

Palavras-chave : Retirement; Psychosocial Processes; Well-Being; Stress.

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