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Revista Psicologia Organizações e Trabalho

versión On-line ISSN 1984-6657


GUIMARAES, Vanessa da Fonseca  y  ABBAD, Gardênia da Silva. Self-efficacy in computer use in learning situations: a review of the international literature. Rev. Psicol., Organ. Trab. [online]. 2015, vol.15, n.2, pp.170-187. ISSN 1984-6657.

This study presents a review of the literature on "Computer Self-Efficacy" (CSE) and has the objective to: analyze and compare definitions and scales that have been adopted by the authors and analyze the main results of these studies. Computer Self-Efficacy refers to the belief that an individual has about his/her own ability to use a computer and its resources successfully. CSE is important in studies on education and training since it has proven to be positively correlated with learning, transfer of training, attitudes, and levels of participation of students and workers in face-to-face as well as distance courses taught through the use of computers. The review of the literature included articles published between 1998 and 2011 in peer reviewed journals found in PsycINFO, Web of Science, BVS Psicologia ULAPSI Brasil, and Scielo. Thirty articles that use CSE scales were analyzed. The studies indicate that: the scales only evaluate strength, one of the three dimensions of self-efficacy proposed by Bandura (1986); there is no clear distinction between specific and general self-efficacy; CSE is positively correlated with important results such as learning and participants' attitudes in courses that use computers for teaching. At the end of the article, an agenda for future research is proposed to improve measures of CSE and better investigate the relationship of this variable with learning, anxiety, and stress experienced by learners, and to investigate attitudes of acceptance or rejection of technologies with the use of computers and NICTs (New Information and Communication Technologies).

Palabras clave : Computer self-efficacy; training; learning.

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