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Revista Psicologia Organizações e Trabalho

versão On-line ISSN 1984-6657


ALMEIDA, Saulo Pereira de  e  FARO, André. Translation, adaptation, and validation of Servant Leadership Questionnaire. Rev. Psicol., Organ. Trab. [online]. 2016, vol.16, n.3, pp. 285-297. ISSN 1984-6657.

This study aimed to translate and validate the Servant Leadership Questionnaire (SLQ) seeking to adapt the Escala de Liderança Servidora (ELSE) for Brazilian Portuguese. A psychometric study was conducted with 337 participants (students and employees of the Federal University of Sergipe, over 18 years of age), who had an immediate boss. The study used a sociodemographic questionnaire, the SLQ (translated and adapted in this study), the Escala de Satisfação no Trabalho (EST) [Work Satisfaction Scale], and a transformational leadership scale. Descriptive analyses were done, and for the factor validity of the ELSE, the Exploratory Factor Analysis (PAF, Promax rotation) was used, in addition to reliability testing (α). For convergent validity, the Pearson correlation (r) was used, and for predictive validity, (stepwise) linear regression. Data analysis was performed using Statistical Package for the Social Science (v.19). The final solution presented three factors, totaling 47.7% of explained variance: (a) visionary influence (α=.87; 9 items), (b) abnegation (α=.88; 9 items), and (c) organizational stewardship (α=.83; 5 items). The convergent validity of the ELSE was determined, which showed moderate and significant correlations with transformational leadership. Predictive validity was also confirmed, since the dimensions of the new scale accounted for 48% of the explained variance of satisfaction with the leader. Limitations of this study relate to the lack of comparable groups and non-probabilistic sampling. It is suggested that future research investigate the confirmatory factor structure and empirical applications of the ELSE.

Palavras-chave : Leadership; validation studies; psychometrics.

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