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Neuropsicologia Latinoamericana

On-line version ISSN 2075-9479


SAYEUR, Mélissa Sue; MCKERRAL, Michelle  and  LASSONDE, Maryse. Cognitive, behavioral and learning problems in premature children: a review. Neuropsicologia Latinoamericana [online]. 2011, vol.3, n.2, pp. 14-22. ISSN 2075-9479.

Preterm births (≤ 37 gestational weeks) have been identified as one of the most important cause of perinatal mortality in industrialized societies. With improvement in pre- peri- and post-natal care, it is now possible to save these children at significantly lower weight and gestational age than previously. With increasing survival rates, more and more studies address the impact of prematurity on the neurodevelopmental outcomes of children born at or before 37 weeks of gestation. Studies to date indicate that children born prematurely are at high risk of experiencing cognitive, behavioural and learning problems, and that the latter can last up to school age and even into adolescence and/or adulthood. The aim of this review is to identify the various cognitive, behavioural and learning difficulties documented in recent studies investigating the consequences of prematurity.

Keywords : Prematurity; Cognition; Behaviour; Learning problems.

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