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Neuropsicologia Latinoamericana

versión On-line ISSN 2075-9479


CARTOCETI, Romina V.. Inhibitory control and reading comprehension: evidences from specific verbal domain. Neuropsicologia Latinoamericana [online]. 2012, vol.4, n.spe, pp. 65-85. ISSN 2075-9479.

The aim of this study was to compare good and poor comprehenders' performances in tasks that measure working memory and verbal and non-verbal inhibitory control and suppression skills. A test to evaluate reading efficacy and two narrative and informative texts were provided to a group of children aged from 9 to 13 years old in order to divide them in two groups: good (N:53) and poor (N:51) comprehenders. Children into these two groups were individually evaluated with a reduced version of the Listening Span Test, to assess working memory component; a Hayling test (version for children) and the Test of Stroop to measure verbal suppression skills; and a Trail Making Test (version for children) to measure non-verbal suppression skills. The group of poor comprehenders showed a significant difference in processing and recalling the last words of the Listening Span Test, as well as a significantly larger number of intrusion errors than the group of good comprehenders. Nevertheless, the memory span and the total recall of words in order did not differ between good and poor comprehenders. Poor comprehenders also obtained a significantly lower performance than good ones in all verbal inhibition tasks. Finally, no statistically significant difference was found between good and poor comprehenders in a non-verbal inhibition task. These results support the hypothesis that the weaknesses in suppressing information from verbal specific domain from working memory could lead to poor comprehenders' lower reading comprehension abilities.

Palabras clave : Reading comprehension; Children; Inhibitory control; Suppression skills; Verbal domain.

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