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Neuropsicologia Latinoamericana

On-line version ISSN 2075-9479


MOLINA, María F.. Review of progress in the study of the self-perceptions of children with Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity (ADHD). Neuropsicologia Latinoamericana [online]. 2013, vol.5, n.3, pp. 16-24. ISSN 2075-9479.

Systematic self-perception study in children suffering from Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity (ADHD) has a recent origin and has led to contradictory results. However, by including an objective measure of child's performance, it was found that these children have a tendency to overestimate their competences in relation to their real performance. This paper aims to present a review of researches that have empirically studied the mechanisms explaining the positive illusory bias (PIB) in children with ADHD. A summarizing review study was made. PSYCINFO, ERIC, PUBMED, REDALYC, SCIELO, PUBMED, DIALNET, CLASE and LILACS databases were consulted. The search terms used were: selfperception, self-evaluation, self-concept, self-esteem, Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity, children and the same terms in English. The review showed that there is evidence that this positive bias in their self-perceptions has the role to protect them against their common failure and it is linked with executive dysfunction associated with the disorder. It also has a strong impact on the psychosocial adjustment of these children.

Keywords : Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity; Self perception; Self concept; Positive illusory bias; Child.

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