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Perspectivas em análise do comportamento

versão On-line ISSN 2177-3548


BANDEIRA, Taynan Marques; ASSIS, Grauben José Alves de  e  SOUZA, Carlos Barbosa Alves de. Comparing the effect of simultaneous and delayed constructed-response training on sentence reading and production. Perspectivas [online]. 2016, vol.7, n.2, pp. 165-182. ISSN 2177-3548.

Constructed-response matching to sample has been used to teach word reading. In this procedure, the response is constructed through the selection of the word's individual components, presented as comparison stimuli conditionally on a given sample. The response may be constructed simultaneously with, or after, the sample stimulus. This study evaluated the effect of simultaneous and delayed constructed-response training on sentence reading and production. The participants were seven children with a minimal repertoire of syllable and word discrimination and who could not read or construct the 32 sentences used in our pretest. Before being taught sentences, the participants were trained to read the words that they had read incorrectly during pretesting. Using a single-subject, alternated-treatment design, all participants went through the two types of training with two different sets of sentences. The results showed that all participants learned to construct sentences and maintained their level of performance throughout training. Also, the participants showed textual behavior and the reading of sentences with comprehension. The difference between the two procedures did not exceed 20% in terms of correct responses. We discuss some variables that may have been important in the implementation of the training schedules as well as possibilities for future studies.

Palavras-chave : simultaneous vs. delayed constructed-response matching to sample; sentence reading and production; stimulus control.

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