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Estudos Interdisciplinares em Psicologia

On-line version ISSN 2236-6407


DIAS, Natália Martins; MENEZES, Amanda  and  SEABRA, Alessandra Gotuzo. Executive functions damage in children and adolescents. Est. Inter. Psicol. [online]. 2010, vol.1, n.1, pp. 80-95. ISSN 2236-6407.

Executive functions are a set of cognitive skills that allows the cognition and the behavior regulation, enabling an individual to take part in complex actions. Those abilities are committed in a diversity of clinical conditions and this theoretical article aimed offer an unsystematic revision of some conditions in which these abilities are injured, especially in children and adolescents. It was verified that conditions as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Tourette Syndrome, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Learning Disabilities, like as Dyslexia and Dyscalulia, beyond cromossomic alterations, as Down’s and Prader-Willi Syndromes, follow with some degree of executive functioning compromise. This knowledge has implications to the psychological practice and research, and can be useful to professionals who act with children and adolescents with some of these conditions, contributing to a greater knowledge about executive functions and its damages.

Keywords : executive functioning; neuropsychology; development.

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