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BENAVIDES T., Karina  and  ERAZO, Daniel Llanos. Children in the migratory process: a current reality. Desidades [online]. 2019, n.25, pp. 39-47. ISSN 2318-9282.

The migratory process has been a constant activity for human beings since its dawn, at a global scale, and the reasons for the decision to migrate are related to survival needs throughout history. In the case of Latin America, and particularly in the equatorian territory, the economic crisis and the political instability led to the growth of unemployment and social instability. This migration occurs in ilegal conditions and through great debts to ilegal individuals or entities, who impose elevated interest rates, meaning that such debts must be paid off as soon as possible. In order to do so, those who migrate have to face nearly subhuman standards of living, with the intent of saving up and sending off the necessary transfers for the payments of their assets. This situation put those who migrate at a heroic position within their own families, and within society as a whole, because the money transfers that came into the country and dollarization caused the economy to stabilize at a national level, increasing the circulation of money and with it the access to goods and services that years before weren't at the reach of the general population due to its high costs. In this context, the absence of parents was justified within the family, receiving a carte blanche in the face of benefits such as a wider economic access and different social practices than the previous generation.

Keywords : migration; young people; family; children.

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