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Revista Subjetividades

Print version ISSN 2359-0769On-line version ISSN 2359-0777


CAMARA, Yzy Maria Rabelo; AMARAL, João Joaquim Freitas do  and  CAMARA, Yls Rabelo. The Child With Psychological Distress as a Subject of Research of Process of Becoming Ill. Rev. Subj. [online]. 2014, vol.14, n.3, pp. 373-382. ISSN 2359-0769.

This research aimed to understand the child as a research subject and agent of its process of becoming ill. The psychological distress was assessed in the light of Winnicott psychoanalysis, through the Theory of Human Aging, where the importance of family support and healthy environment for an emotional development which tends to the integration of the individual were discussed, and the psychological suffering of children is generated by the failure of this structure. The subjects were ten children aged from 7 to 11 years. The site chosen corresponds to the first child CAPS from the state of Ceará and attends children and adolescents from 67 neighbourhoods in Fortaleza. For this, notes from the field diary were taken, semi- structured interviews with children were carried out and documentary survey of the records in the period from August to December 2011 was conducted. The results point to the property that the children need to recognize and express their different ways of experiencing psychological distress such as: aggression, mood changes, complaints of anxiety, school difficulties, difficulty in accepting the reality, stigma, domestic and sexual violence. Finally, the relevance of this work lies in understanding the psychological distress from the perspective of those who experience and the contribution to future research, because there is little material in the literature on the psychological distress of the child's and respecting their speech. The importance is also given as a knowledge that can facilitate the reorientation of best professional practices and public policies for children's mental health.

Keywords : child; psychological distress; psychoanalysis; winnicott; narratives.

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