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Revista Subjetividades

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PERICO, Waldir  and  COSTA-ROSA, Abílio da. Subject, subjectivity and "science" in Freud and Lacan: some prior theoretical considerations to an intercession-research in the field of collective mental health. Rev. Subj. [online]. 2014, vol.14, n.3, pp. 418-432. ISSN 2359-0769.

Taking psychoanalysis of Freud and Lacan as a reference, we seek to weave previous theoretical considerations of an Intercession-Research in the Collective Mental Health context. To this end, we outlined the theories of subject and subjectivity, as well as the vision of "science" and knowledge production that is made possible from these concepts. Psychoanalysis elucidates a subject beyond I (Ego/Moi), as the speech deflagrates the hole in the speech. A subject that is not limited to a signifier, but it emerges from the symbolic movement to be represented by a signifier to other signifiers. This is because it is produced from the cascade of signifiers, like a swarm of meaning and it is in constant motion, the reasons enunciated the hypothesis of subjective processing. We speak about active subjectivity, which continues to produce new signifiers: production of new meanings from the subject-effects. We see, with psychoanalysis, a paradigmatic revolution in the epistemological field, while laying emphasis on the subjective production always via the subject. It enables a praxis which is placed in the condition of treating the Real by the Symbolic; an only partial treatment since the Symbolic does not have the last signifier able to fully tell the Real of the subject. In this way, it is from the perspective of the symbolic castration that is conceivable what we may call a psychoanalytic "scientific" field: a no-whole "science". The production of knowledge on the praxis, in the Intercessor Device, is inevitably tied to a subject's knowledge of himself, who is capable of operating equations in the impasses of the experienced subjectivity. Regarding to the knowledge of the research, it is produced a posteriori, and corresponds to a reflection on the epistemological status about the process of production of knowledge on the clinical praxis.

Keywords : subject; subjectivity; modes of subjectification; scientific paradigm; psychoanalysis.

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