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Revista Subjetividades

versão impressa ISSN 2359-0769versão On-line ISSN 2359-0777


CERVO, Michele da Rocha  e  SILVA, Rosane Azevedo Neves da. A look at children pathologization through the CAPSi. Rev. Subj. [online]. 2014, vol.14, n.3, pp. 442-453. ISSN 2359-0769.

Childhood, throughout history, has been taking place in the production of knowledge and psychiatric power, becoming a target for public policies investments. The institutionalization of the Unified Health System (SUS), the Statute of Child and Adolescent (ECA) and the Psychiatric Reform are, in Brazil, landmarks for the reorganization of mental health care for children and adolescents. The understanding of the production of childhood undergoes processes of deinstitutionalization of care practices, the recognition of children as individuals and the power of creating each meeting. This article problematizes the childhood production from care practices in a Psychosocial Care Center for children and adolescents (CAPSi). The research instrument used was the cartography, emphasizing the study of the procedural dimension of subjectivity and its production process. The activities in a CAPSi were followed for four months, conducting observations of the actions developed in this service and focus groups with team members. The pathologization is one of the ways in which childhood is produced in the CAPSi as it was observed in the study. The processes of childhood psychopathologization and pathologization are perceived in different marks printed in the processes of the children's subjectification. One of these marks occurs in the process of assigning a diagnosis to the children. Affirming that CAPSi is an agent for new meetings may be seen as a strategy, so that other experiences may become possible. CAPSi as the meeting place and a place where several institutions intersect allows the children's meeting to deal with each of these institutions that cross the practices, stressing the notion of child identity as an infant, static, and universal entity. This allows children to be a field of forces and intensities, inventing their experience through suffering and care practices.

Palavras-chave : childhood; mental health; CAPSi; pathologization; psychiatric reform.

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