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MACHADO, Letícia Vier; SOUSA, Fernando Aguiar Brito de  and  RODRIGUES, Adriana. New century, old malaise: a recent history of psychoanalysis in France. Rev. Subj. [online]. 2017, vol.17, n.1, pp. 55-67. ISSN 2359-0769.

At the beginning of the 21st century, psychoanalysis was faced with a new period of instability, the result of changes in the world scene combined with the crises of psychoanalytic institutions. In France, where the peculiar characteristics of the implantation and diffusion of psychoanalysis gave it the status of a true "exception" in relation to the rest of the world, the crisis situation was felt even more intense due to the State's demand to regulate Psychoanalytic practice, a discussion that reached its apex in 2003. The context required responses that articulated psychoanalysis and politics into actions that could attest to the importance of psychoanalysis in the contemporary world. The theoretical-bibliographic research, based on a qualitative methodology, pointed to the understanding that the way out found by the French psychoanalytic movement in response to the installed crisis occurred through the return to psychoanalysis applied to therapy, placing it at the center of debates and actions. The aim of this article is to recover part of this recent history of the French psychoanalysis and its impacts to the psychoanalysts around the world, bringing the nuances of the movements that constituted in the referred period. It is worth mentioning the organization of the "General States of Psychoanalysis", a movement that brought together psychoanalysts from different institutional approaches and affiliations in order to discuss the challenges for psychoanalysis in the new century. Finally, we bring the experience of the Centros Psicanalíticos de Consulta e Tratamento/Psychoanalytic Centers of Consultation and Treatment (CPCTs), created to offer free psychoanalytic treatment, in order to show the social utility of psychoanalysis.

Keywords : applied psychoanalysis; psychoanalysis and politics; psychoanalysis and institutions; therapeutic evaluation.

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