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Revista Subjetividades

versão impressa ISSN 2359-0769versão On-line ISSN 2359-0777


SILVA, Diego Rodrigues; LERNER, Rogerio  e  HERZBERG, Eliana. Complexity in the approach to physical disability: discussing personal, organic and environmental aspects. Rev. Subj. [online]. 2018, vol.18, n.1, pp. 56-67. ISSN 2359-0769.

Physical disability articulates the relationship between an organism with anomalies and a social environment so that it may or may not be defined as incapacity, having inseparable dimensions. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (CIF) systematize this relationship, providing a model of understanding sustained in the complexity that considers the organic, environmental and personal aspects. In the form of a complex model, Freud established a complementary series, a way of treating organic and relational conditions in the constitution of the psyche. Given the models, the article aims to articulate systematically the ICF and the complementary series regarding the understanding of the physical disability. A schematic of three interrelated axes (organic components, environmental factors, and personal factors) was formed. Comparing them, two by two, it was found that the complementary series deal more particularly with the incidence of the environment in the personnel, although the other data put important questions to the subject. On the other hand, the CIF treats with propriety the incidence of the environment in the organism, presenting gaps when dealing with personal aspects. It is concluded, therefore, that the perspective adopted by the CIF represents an advance in inserting aspects related to subjectivity in the understanding of the deficiencies, but it needs a deepening of the consideration of such dimension. The issues raised from the discussion can help in this demand, offering topics to be better explored and that can contribute to the CIF. In this way, it emphasizes the importance of complex understandings.

Palavras-chave : deficiency; body; psychic apparatus; CIF; complementary series.

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