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Revista Subjetividades

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FRANTZ, Marília Zancan  and  DE SOUSA, Edson Luiz André. (In)visible objects: psychoanalysis, spectacle and the art of Vik Muniz. Rev. Subj. [online]. 2018, vol.18, n.2, pp. 26-35. ISSN 2359-0769.

The questions proposed in this essay arise from three meetings: the first, with the Lacanian theory regarding the constitution of the subject from the field of the Other; the second, with Guy Debord's The Society of the Spectacle; the third, with the work of Brazilian artist Vik Muniz. What unites these three meetings is the desire to think about the relations of the subject with the social and the issues that raise about the social bond in our capitalist society, in which visibility and citizenship are mixed with the capacity of consumption. If the subject depends on the other's eyes to structure, and it is the purchasing power that, in this context, gives him place in the public space, it is not enough to consume, it is necessary to show what is consumed, transforming itself into consumable object. This essay proposes that the spectacle, as defined by Debord, is the way in which the social bond presents itself from the structure that Lacan defined as capitalist discourse, and which produces effects of reification and erasure of the singularity of the subject through the anticipation of responses to the questions that the desire poses. However, not all the images we see are the same, not all of them are subjected to spectacular logic. Art proposes images from another place, shared with psychoanalysis: the one that seeks to destabilize the axis of the ready discourses and the productions of meaning. And this is also the proposal of Vik Muniz's work in creating illusions that do not deceive, but reveal the elements that constitute them. Thus, in view of the imperatives of the spectacle, art and psychoanalysis, in sustaining the power of the missing name, they enable the subject of desire to find loopholes to resist.

Keywords : art; capitalism; show; psychoanalysis; Vik Muniz.

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