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Revista Subjetividades

versão impressa ISSN 2359-0769versão On-line ISSN 2359-0777


AMORIM, Tâmara Ramalho de Sousa; ALBERTO, Maria de Fatima Pereira; DOS SANTOS, Denise Pereira  e  PESSOA, Manuella Castelo Branco. "Mandates and commanded by someone": processes of subjectivation formed by institutionalization. Rev. Subj. [online]. 2018, vol.18, n.3, pp. 51-63. ISSN 2359-0769.

This article aims to analyze the processes of subject of the participants of two institutions of deprivation of liberty in the state of Paraíba - ex-inmates of an agricultural patronage contemporary to the Code of Minors and students of a unit of compliance of socio-educational measure of internment created under the aegis of the Estatuto da Criança e do Adolescente /Statute of the Child and the Adolescent (ECA), from the institutionalization experienced by them, identifying changes and permanence. According to Foucault, the subject is historically constituted in different ways through practices of power and real games, such as the practice of institutionalization. The institutionalization serves to fix the subject in a normalizing system, operating on him subjection and making docile bodies. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 09 participants, of whom 06 were former board members and 03 students from the socio-educational unit, and the data were analyzed through the Critical Discourse Analysis. We identified processes of subject - constituted from vigilance and control, from the internalization of an institutional discourse and subjection - and permanence, such as punishments focusing on the body and a history of institutionalization experienced in its youth. The changes related to the reasons why the young people went to the institution and the types of infractions committed when this was the case. It was possible to perceive, from the historical character of this study and the listening of former interns and students, quite similar discourses given by people who lived / experienced institutionalization at different times, under different legislation and contexts, which indicates that the changes between the Code of Minors and the ECA have been given more in the letter of the law than in the practice of institutionalizing the young.

Palavras-chave : subjectivation process; institutionalization; Children's Code; Child and Adolescent Statute.

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