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HALFELD, Lívia Grijó  e  MATTAR, Cristine Monteiro. Child Care in the Existential Phenomenological Clinic. Rev. Subj. [online]. 2021, vol.21, n.spe, pp. 1-13. ISSN 2359-0769.

In this article, we seek to reflect on clinical care for children based on Martin Heidegger's Da-sein analytics and existential-phenomenological psychology. We begin with a brief historical review of the emergence of the notion of childhood. Then, we analyze existentially being-a-child from a philosophical point of view, taking as reference the hermeneutic phenomenology undertaken in Being and Time. The child, like every human being, has the way of being of Da-sein, being-there. Being in the world, it is always and from the beginning in the disposition and understanding of the orientations and interpretations already given and settled by tradition. In our time, the donation of meaning that already disposes of us as a usable entity is unveiled as the modern technique. In the horizon of technique, the child, like all of us, is always called upon to surrender, to produce results that are already defined a priori. By responding or not to this call, so-called adaptation or development problems may arise, considered failures in this epochal horizon. Faced with these problems, the clinical psychologist is called upon to adjust what "does not go well", occupying a place that could be that of adapting to the calculating technical mode or of calmly meditating on it. Our bet is on this second option, in an anti-positive-liberating care practice that, with the child and his family, seeks to expand the understanding there at stake, allowing new meanings and possibilities of dealing with what exists at this stage of life to come to light without the rigidity of the identity frameworks that prevail in our time. We begin the article with a section that seeks to go beyond the historiographical record of the childhood phenomenon; we introduce an ontological-fundamental analysis of the phenomenon; we propose possible ways of caring for the child, highlighting the ones in the psychological clinic, which are not blindly given over to technical use; and, finally, we narrate a clinical situation.

Palavras-chave : care; kid; clinic; phenomenology; Heidegger.

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