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versión impresa ISSN 2359-0769versión On-line ISSN 2359-0777


WZOREK, Raquel  y  PRETTO, Zuleica. Existentialist psychology and literature: reflections on childhood from a Sartrian Tale. Rev. Subj. [online]. 2022, vol.22, n.1, pp.1-13. ISSN 2359-0769.

This study has as its general theme childhood, understanding it from the philosophical and psychological perspective of Jean-Paul Sartre (1905 - 1980). It delineates a socio-historical and existential look at human phenomena, allowing us to think about "childhoods", diverse and situated. We focused on the tale A Infância de um Chefe, from the book The Wall, by Sartre, to articulate the conception of this philosopher's constitution of subject, with the situations and experiences of the character Lucien Fleurier as a child. By undertaking the correlation with the Sartrean theory, we highlight the main mediations of Lucien's life, as well as the way he experienced them and how he conducted his relationships, especially in a confused and solitary way, in which the experiences of imagination and emotion appear as central. The Sartrean tale illustrates the historical hierarchical relationship between adults and children, in which the former ones are considered active subjects, holders of knowledge while the latter ones are often considered passive and placed as objects, with a predetermined future, with few resources to become subjects of their stories.

Palabras clave : childhoods; constitution of subject; existentialist psychology; literature; Jean-Paul Sartre.

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