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Current Ethology

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DE OLIVEIRA, Elisabeth Spinelli; BRAGA, Ana P.  and  MAGRINI, Leandro. Quo vadis?: Career of Brazilian ethologists earning a doctoral degree in 2010. Curr. Ethol. [online]. 2016, vol.15, n.1, pp. 14-29. ISSN 2594-9985.

Fifty two doctors (22 ♂♂, 30 ♀♀) got a degree in Ethology in 2010, according to a previous study; 46 curricula vitae (21 ♂♂, 25 ♀♀), 88% of the initial group, provided career information at Plataforma Lattes database during a life-span of six years. Employability was high, at least 90% for both sexes. 48% of doctors work at the public sector, holding stable jobs; 40% are professors at public universities. Fellowships provide 10 positions (19%), and the private sector nine jobs (17%); mostly at private universities (15%). Men occupy the majority of positions at public universities (14 of 21, representing 67%), while most women are holding positions at the private sector or as public servants outside professorship (nine out of 13, corresponding to 69%). 70% of fellowship holders are women. 96% advised or are advising academic works. 89% of all are co-authors of at least one peer-reviewed article: a total of 366 reports (♂♂ = 166, ♀♀ = 170; 61 articles.year-1; 1.5 56% of doctors graduate at Institutions located in the Southeast region, where most graduation programs are. A clear regional transference of doctors is observed when employment is considered, in this case the participation of the Southeast region shrinks to 30%. This indicates a role played by the Southeast region as disseminator of animal behavior knowledge within Brazil. This opens the possibility of an equitable relationship among regions in Brazil concerning higher education in Ethology. It is foreseen a positive effect upon the knowledge of the particular fauna of Brazilian regions, diverse and numerous, and mostly unknown from the ethological point of view. In our sample women are in slightly greater number than men, and are involved in mentoring and publishing, as well as men. Most females holding doctorate in Ethology work in less stable jobs (at private institutions or holding temporary fellowships) and probably endure less favorable conditions regarding research and remuneration. Not surprisingly this is the scenario seen in 30 out of 35 countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development community, including in countries like USA and Germany. So it is not enough just to support accessibility; special attention should be given to assure fair working conditions for all. Our data also show a favorable scenario for Ethology in Brazil, mostly associated with the public educational system that is tuition-free and dependent of governmental resources. Recent governmental cutbacks for Science and Technology may curb further expansion of Ethology in Brazil.

Keywords : Academic mentoring; Employability; Gender; Public university; Brazilian Regions.

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