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Gerais : Revista Interinstitucional de Psicologia

On-line version ISSN 1983-8220


NAIFF, Luciene Alves Miguez  and  NAIFF, Denis Monteiro. Grade repetition and dropout in regular public education: social representations of the production of "school failure". Gerais, Rev. Interinst. Psicol. [online]. 2021, vol.14, n.1, pp.1-23. ISSN 1983-8220.

The main objective of this article was to identify social representations of students from public schools in the Metropolitan Region of the State of Rio de Janeiro in relation to school dropout and grade repetition, as well as to map the driving and inhibiting factors of the construction of the "student" identity in the students' lives. The school stages interrupted in regular Basic Education on a regular basis affects the psychosocial dynamics involved in students' decisions in their professional life and in their perspective of the future. Based on the theoretical framework of the Social Representations Theory and, in a complementary way, on the Social Identity Theory, we sought to understand the phenomena related to "school failure". A total of 430 elementary school students were interviewed. The data were analyzed with the help of EVOC 2003 software to survey the possible central core of the representations and the SPHINX software was used to assist in the tabulation of the data and the construction of the instruments.

Keywords : Social representations; School dropout; Grade repetition; Basic Education; Social identity.

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